April 16: Coxey Charters Canalboats

Coxey's Army on the canal--Second barge belongs to the Consolidation Coal Company - From the Ray Stannard Baker Collection at the Library of Congress.

Commonwealers Will Proceed by Water to Williamsport From The New York Times, Monday April 17, 1894 CUMBERLAND, Md., April 16. — While the heads of the Commonweal Army have been pushing preparations for the coming exodus from Cumberland, the army has been resting and living luxuriously. The Spring sunshine has been, a tonic to the […]

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April 15: The “Unknown” Set Adrift

Coxey's Army at the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal - 1894  http://www.canaltrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/lrg-535-hm-9.jpg

He Is No Longer in Coxey’s Army of Commonweal From The New York Times, Sunday, April 16, 1894: CUMBERLAND, MD., April 15 — The once famous “Unknown” of Coxey’s army was stripped of his veiled glory to-day and likewise of his honors as a Commonwealer. Carl Browne, the deposed leader of yesterday, has entire charge […]

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April 14: Commonwealers Nigh Unto Riot

Carl Browne, Histories of the National Mall, http://dev.omeka.org/mallhistory/items/show/93.

Marshal Browne Bounced by Coxey’s “Unknown” in Maryland From The New York Times, Sunday, April 15, 1894: FROSTBURG, MD., April 14 — Revolt in the ranks of Coxey’s army today leaves the Commonwealers in a state bordering on riot. Chief Marshal Carl Browne of California was deposed as Marshal, and Louis Smith, “The Unknown,” is […]

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April 9: Army Must Return to the West; Utah Courts Order the Men Back Into the Car – They Must Be Moved.

Reports from Utah, Nebraska, Nevada, California, Illinois, Colorado. Embed from Getty Images While much of the media coverage centered on Jacob Coxey’s march from Massillon, Ohio, at least forty other “Industrial Armies” of unemployed workers were organized in 1894 for the purpose of marching to Washington, D.C.  Fry’s Army organized in Los Angeles; the Northwestern […]

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April 9: Coxey Puts Up Toll

CoxeyToll-ChicagoTrib1894_0410-356px
Headline from The Chicago Tribune, Tuesday, April 10, 1894

“One dollar eighty-seven cents,” said Mrs. Clabaugh resolutely. Coxey paid the money in nickels and pennies, took a receipt, and the army marched on. UNIONTOWN, Pa., April 9.-[Special.]– One lone woman met Coxey’s army of the commonweal in combat today and ignominiously defeated it. The woman’s name is Mrs. Annie Clabaugh and she is tollkeeper […]

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April 4: Lock Up Coxey’s Men.

Photo from Ohio History Central - Coxey's Army

Police of Allegheny Arrest Commonwealers on Sight With ten days in, this is not quite the welcome that the army has experienced in earlier cities. The media, previously having ridiculed the group, is now reporting from a slightly different perspective, that of sympathy. But that will change, soon enough… From The Chicago Tribune – April […]

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April 2: Coxey’s Army Grows

Map of the J.S. Coxey Good Roads Commonweal

From The Chicago Tribune – April 2, 1894     By April 2, Coxey’s Army had crossed into Pennsylvania. The Chicago Tribune reported that the group was now numbering nearly 250 men. The media was also picking up on the rivalry between marshal Carl Browne and “The Great Unknown.” Beaver Falls, PA., Contributes To Commonweal Provisions […]

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